Feature This popular TV game show has a thing for science What

first_img What is segmentation? 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What is encephalopathy? What is the potato? QUIZ: Science does Jeopardy! GENERAL SCIENCE: George Beadle & E.L. Tatum’s studies of the Neurospora crassa mold on this food helped launch molecular genetics in 1941 What is testosterone? Results: You answered out of correctly – Click to revisit Who is Ohm? “C” in SCIENCE: The earliest period of the Paleozoic Era, it extends from about 542 to 488 million years ago Four moons of Jupiter were discovered in either 1609 or 1610 by an Italian scientist who improved his telescope. His name? Galileo Galilei. This Final Jeopardy! clue appeared on the 16 October 2009 show and earned $15,559—and the win—for a contestant who was in second place. YOU DO THE MATH: It’s the square root of a gross LIFE SCIENCES: Alimentary, my dear! Waves of contractions moving swallowed food through the esophagus are called this The Cambrian led to an explosion of life forms, including the evolution of many animals that still roam the earth. Geologist Adam Sedgwick named the period because “Cambria” means Wales, where he did work on rock strata. This $1600 clue appeared on the 9 April 2010 show. It stumped all three contestants. What is histamine? The university team explored attaching a low-cost, lightweight, wireless receiver and transmitter to Madagascar hissing cockroaches. The device would incorporate sensors and would, via implanted electrodes, control the insects’ movements to direct them to a location. This $800 clue appeared on the 8 February 2013 show. What is bread? 0 What are rats? Rabidus aptly describes the rage and madness caused by the rabies virus, which inflames the brain. Hydrophobia, another symptom, was the original name of the disease. This $2000 clue appeared on the 11 October 2013 show. What is 64? Score What is 8? What is beef? Who is Einstein? What are ants? What is oxygen? What is the Cerazoic? What is the Cambrian? What is 12? ALL SCIENCE: Adrenaline is another name for this hormone secreted in response to stress or fear What is the Cretaceous? Who is Ampère? Science takes a look at the science on Jeopardy!—and the scientists who have won big on the popular TV program. This “smart person’s game show” has for many decades offered clues that require answers in the form of questions, and many of those clues explore the history of science or cutting-edge research. The show’s writers carefully research the science clues so there is no more than one correct response—but sometimes contestants prove them wrong. Among the many scientists who have won multiple times on the show are the new CEO of AAAS (publisher of Science) and a bioinformaticist who set a single game record when he won $77,000. Bonus material for the story includes a science quiz, a video on one contestant’s winning strategy, and a compilation of research papers about Jeopardy!.To read the full story, see the 1 May issue of Science. Organic chemistry focuses specifically on this element’s compounds & their reactions Who is Maxwell? What is a moon? What are cockroaches? What are bees? What is corn? Average What is a black hole? SCIENTIFIC FIRSTS: The first object in our solar system discovered by telescope was not a planet but one of these The 15th most abundant element on earth, carbon is often referred to as “the building block of life.” It’s made in the interior of stars. This $400 clue appeared on the 28 April 2009 show. What is 1012? A. Metrick, “A Natural Experiment in ‘Jeopardy!’.” The American Economic Review 85, 1 (March 1995): 240–253. “This paper uses the television game show ‘Jeopardy!’ as a natural experiment to analyze behavior under uncertainty and the ability of players to choose strategic best responses.”E. Boyle and Z. Shapira, “The Liability of Leading: Battling Aspiration and Survival Goals in the Jeopardy! Tournament of Champions.” Organization Science 23, 4 (July–August 2012): 1100–1113. “We show that leaders are prone to take excessive risks to maintain their leadership position. We refer to this phenomenon as the liability of leading. Our study context is a naturally occurring experiment in strategic decision making, the Jeopardy! Tournament of Champions.”G. T. Gilbert and R. L. Hatcher, “Wagering in Final Jeopardy!.” Mathematics Magazine 67, 4 (October 1994): 268–277. “We look for a reasonable strategy for wagering in Final Jeopardy!”H. Rachlin, “Making IBM’s Computer, Watson, Human.” Behav Anal. 35, 1 (Spring 2012): 1–16. “This essay uses the recent victory of an IBM computer (Watson) in the TV game, Jeopardy, to speculate on the abilities Watson would need, in addition to those it has, to be human.”J. K. Floyd, “A Discrete Analysis of ‘Final Jeopardy.’” The Mathematics Teacher 87, 5 (May 1994): 328–331. “How can the leader entering FJ [Final Jeopardy] define an optimum strategy, one that maximizes the chance to be invited back for the next show.”MN Khan et al., “Comparison of jeopardy game format versus traditional lecture format as a teaching methodology in medical education.” Saudi Medical Journal 32, 11 (November 2011): 1172–6. “The game format teaching strategy has an added advantage in retaining knowledge of the subject for a longer time compared with a lecture format.”P. Headley, “How I Lost on Jeopardy!.” Math Horizons 6, 4 (April 1999): 27–28. “… we shall see that even this simple game illustrates the paradoxes and pitfalls of game theory, the branch of mathematics devoted to the study of strategy in games.”T. J. Linneman, “Gender in Jeopardy! Intonation Variation on a Television Game Show.” Gender & Society 27, 1 (February 2013): 82–105. “I use the popular game show Jeopardy! to study variation in the use of uptalk among the contestants ‘responses, and argue that uptalk is a key way in which gender is constructed through interaction.” Secreted by the adrenal glands, adrenaline/epinephrine leads to the famous “fight-or-flight” response. The hormone is also used as a medicine to treat the anaphylaxis seen in people who have allergies to bee stings and to jolt a heart that has gone into cardiac arrest. This $2000 clue appeared on the 24 April 2013 show. It stumped all three contestants. What is carbon? What is peristalsis? What is epinephrine? Think you have the science smarts to win on Jeopardy!? We have selected 10 past science clues from various categories and have adapted the classic Jeopardy! question responses to our multiple-choice format. Cue the Jeopardy! theme. This pair, who shared a Nobel Prize for their work, originated the one gene–one enzyme hypothesis. They produced mutations in bread mold using x-rays and subsequently identified changes in specific enzymes, linking individual genes to those proteins. This $400 clue appeared on the 14 April 2015 show. Find out more about the science behind Jeopardy!  The science of Jeopardy!The scientific literature contains a number of analyses related to Jeopardy!. Here are a few. Top Ranker Peristalsis involves muscles both contracting and relaxing. Earthworms move about in a similar fashion. This $2000 clue appeared on the 28 April 2009 show. It stumped all three contestants. Time’s Up! What is gas? What is angina? You What is silicon? Question What is a comet? SCIENTISTS (DAILY DOUBLE): His “The Galvanic Circuit Investigated Mathematically” received so much “resistance,” he resigned his post at Cologne What is misophonia? A gross has 144 items. It means “large” and comes from the idea of a dozen dozens. This $800 clue appeared on the 11 March 2015 show. An error occurred loading the Quiz. Please try again later. Start Quiz What is oxytocin? Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) What is an asteroid? What is the Calbrian? Share your score MEDICINE: The word for this disease comes from the same Latin root as “rage” Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country Email WEIRD SCIENCE: Researchers at NC State are equipping these household insect pests with mini-transmitters for eventual use in disaster zones What is rabies? The German mathematician and physicist Georg Ohm studied electricity and elucidated the relationship between voltage, current, and resistance. This was spelled out in his classic book—that was underappreciated when it appeared in 1827—and in a famous equation it contained known as Ohm’s law: voltage = current x resistance. This clue appeared as a Daily Double on the 22 February 2013 show and earned its winner $4000.last_img